The industry


The total production value of the woodworking industries in the European Union (EU) peaked in 2007 with 237 billion EUR. Then, as a result of the global economic crisis, the production value dropped in 2008 and to a greater extent in 2009, amounting to less than 190 billion EUR. Nevertheless, it upturned in 2010 and grew further in 2011 before falling down again in 2012 and stabilizing in 2013 (-0,3%), reaching almost 203 billion EUR. Compared to 2009, the production value increased by almost 7% in 2013.

 Production 2013 – Relative importance of the sub-sectors


Extra-EU imports

The total EU-28 imports of woodworking products amounted to 18.8 billion EUR in 2013, reflecting a significant decrease of 7.7% compared to 2012. The furniture industry experienced the largest decrease of imports (-8.4%) while the imports of woodworking products stricto-sensu fell by 6.6%, reflecting decreases in imports of the sawmill industry and the other woodworking industries by 7.8% and 6% respectively.

Extra-EU Imports 2013 – Relative importance of the sub-sectors


Extra-EU exports

The overall value of EU-28 exports of woodworking products amounted to almost 25 billion EUR in 2013 which was 6.9% more than in 2012 and well above the 2009 level of 16.5 billion EUR (+50.8%). In 2013, exports of all sectors and sub-sectors improved with the exception of other products (NACE 16.29) which decreased slightly by 0.6%. Furniture and woodworking products stricto-sensu increased their exports by 6.6% and 7.1% respectively. The value of sawmilling, planing and impregnation (NACE 16.1) exports exceeded 4.8 billion EUR (+10.6%). On the other hand, other exports of woodworking industries stricto-sensu (NACE 16.2) exceeded 7 billion EUR (+4.8%).

Extra-EU exports 2013 - Relative importance of the sub-sectors




The figures on employment in the woodworking sector provide an indication of the overall employment, although it should be borne in mind that some countries do not take into account firms with less than 20 employees. Thus, the global figures tend to substantially underestimate the employment in small and medium-sized industrial sectors. Given the SME structure of the woodworking industries, the actual total number of employees in the EU-28 wood industry should be estimated at substantially more than 2 million in 2013.